Fischer Family Trust: The long term outcomes of pupils with special educational needs and disabilities or who have been in Alternative Provision
FFT Education Limited are using linked NPD, ILR, HESA and LEO data in order to construct the journeys of pupils with special educational needs (SEN), are excluded or who attend alternative provision (AP) through the education system and into the labour market up to age 26. This work will provide new insight into the long-term outcomes associated with SEN, AP and permanent exclusion. In particular, how these outcomes are influenced by different types of setting (for example, mainstream school, resourced provision, state special school, independent special school) will be examined.
This work will provide new insight that will fill gaps in the current evidence base of policy related to SEN and alternative provision. This in turn will help to develop better informed policy to support young people with SEN or who experience alternative provision or permanent exclusion.
University of Westminster: Youth custody: educational influences and labour market consequences
The University of Westminster, in partnership with FFT Education Datalab, are using LEO data (NPD-LILR-HESA-LEO) for cohorts of children born between 1993/94 and 1998/99. With this data they are carrying out a detailed analysis of who experiences youth custody, what are the pathways leading up to it and what people do after release. The research will use advanced statistical techniques to estimate the impact of custody on subsequent labour market outcomes. The results will be made publicly available, actively disseminated and submitted to peer-reviewed academic journals. The public benefit of this work will be an enhanced understanding of the drivers of youth custody and how it affects young people’s ability to establish themselves in the labour market. This will provide a stronger evidence base on which to formulate education and other policy and thereby improve the prospects of the most disadvantaged young people. This research is funded by the Nuffield Foundation, and more information about this project can be found here.
Institute for Fiscal Studies: The long-run effects of the Education Maintenance Allowance
The Institute of Fiscal Studies (IFS) are using Longitudinal Education Data to investigate the effects of the Education Maintenance Allowance (EMA) — a government programme designed to raise upper secondary completion rates — on tertiary education and labour market outcomes. Previous work using survey data has found that the EMA raised upper secondary enrolment. Their project will investigate its effect on post-18 enrolment; employment and earnings at different ages; the security of employment; and the persistence of economic inactivity.
The public benefit of this work will be to provide guidance for policymakers on whether the EMA was effective in improving education and labour market outcomes, and therefore whether the programme delivers value for money. More broadly, the results will provide evidence on whether increases in upper secondary enrolment provide the intended labour market benefits. Future children would benefit from (a reinstatement of) the EMA if it was found to be effective, or from other programmes if it was found to be ineffective.
Learning and Work Institute: The employment and wage returns of apprenticeships for underrepresented and disadvantaged groups, and factors associated with their participation on apprenticeship programmes
Learning and Work Institute are using LEO, ILR and NPD linked data from the last ten years to investigate the employment and wage returns to apprenticeships for groups who are historically disadvantaged in the labour market and underrepresented in apprenticeships, such as individuals from Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic backgrounds, individuals with learning difficulties or disabilities and individuals from deprived backgrounds. They are also investigating factors associated with participation in apprenticeships for these groups, such as demographics, school attainment and subject and level of apprenticeship. The public benefit of this work will be to shed further light on reasons for the underrepresentation of certain groups in apprenticeships and what adaptations to policy and practice could help to address this. In addition, it will help to determine the value of apprenticeships to these groups, both for the promotion of apprenticeships to and for the identification of disparities.
Oxford University: Care Leavers’ Transition into the Labour Market in England
The Rees Centre at the University of Oxford are using linked NPD, CLAD, ILR, LEO, and HESA data for a complete cohort of care leavers born in 1995/96 to track their social care and educational histories from the start of KS2 through to the year of their 21st birthday. With this data they will identify key care and educational factors and trajectories pre- and post-16 that contribute to the employability of care leavers.
The public benefit of this work will be to provide policy makers, potential employers, social workers, teachers, foster carers and care-experienced young people with a better understanding of the processes that facilitate or hinder care leavers’ participation in education, employment or training (EET), including relevant recent policy reforms and national schemes). In the longer-term, such understandings are expected to increase the percentage of care leavers in employment.