Individuals also need to be attracted to vocational programmes which lead to the acquisition of intermediate level skills. T-levels and high-quality apprenticeships have an important role to play here and there is a need to ensure that sufficient places will be available to those who wish to pursue training at an intermediate level.
Intermediate level skills demand cannot simply be left to the market to determine.
It is apparent that there have many policy innovations in the UK over the past thirty years which have the potential to increase investments in intermediate level skills. It may be worthwhile revisiting some of these, such as Individual Leaning Accounts, to see how they might effectively increase those skilled to an intermediate level skills.